Marijuana has been legalized in some parts of the world, and it makes it easy to get into recreational stores and dispensaries. But why buy from your hard-earned money when you can just grow your own marijuana plants yourself? Instead of paying a lot of money just to smoke a joint for medical or recreational use, try starting a garden and harvest your fresh marijuana to the ground.
Growing a small marijuana plant for your personal use doesn’t need to be hard. Actually, this guide could help those wondering growers on how to grow a marijuana plant with everything they need. We all go from beginning to end, explaining the whole procedure. This guide would help you improve your yield and get the most out of the one plant, even if you think you already know how to grow a marijuana plant. This article would discuss how to Grow Marijuana, how to grow marijuana from seed, how to grow marijuana indoors, and how to grow marijuana outdoors.
Factors to Consider When Growing Marijuana in both Indoors and Outdoors
Step #1: Select Your Location
You could grow marijuana in both outdoors and indoors. An indoor setup gives the entire control over the growing process like how much light the plants could get. Though, indoor growers have a lot of responsibilities since the marijuana plants are totally based on the grower for their survival.
You can also grow your marijuana plants outdoors. These alternatives are cheaper because nature does an important part of the job like providing sunlight. Although outdoor cultivation growing areas are not as private as many people would like, growers sometimes have to face the risk of their plant being stolen or even eaten by animals. You will need to think of the positive and negative of growing marijuana in both outdoors and indoors before you start growing. And then, pick the option that works best for you.
Step #2: Pick A Grow Light
How to grow marijuana indoors? You will need to think about your plant’s light source if you grow indoors. Bear in mind that one of the biggest advantages of growing a single marijuana plant is that you plant won’t need a lot of light. In some cases, you could put your plant on a windowsill and have adequate natural sunlight for it to survive. Although, if you would like to grow your marijuana plant in a more private location, far from natural sunlight, you would need to think about growth lights. In this situation, how to grow marijuana plants rapidly becomes how to select the best lighting.
For a single marijuana plant, LED grow lights are perfect. LEDs are a perfect choice for growing cannabis and are ideal for generating healthy cannabis buds in just one plant. They’re also optimized to avoid your marijuana plants from receiving too much light that can cause a state called “light burn”. Another big advantage of LEDs is their worth. The single bulbs are not expensive and readily accessible. They don’t need more energy, and the natural observer would never doubt that you’re growing cannabis indoors just by looking at the light shining from your home.
If you want natural sunlight and you are not using autoflowers, you would need to make sure that your marijuana plants would receive at least 18 hours of sunlight all throughout the vegetative phase of their growth. Unless, you’re growing during the perfect season and in the right area, this might not be available without accessorial lighting. In short, even if you’re growing outdoors, financing in an LED lamp for those cloudy days is a perfect idea.
Step #3: Select a Grow Medium
How to grow marijuana outside? The first thing that you must come to mind is what you would grow the plant in. Your cannabis would need a medium that offers the needed nutrients for producing perfect buds. There are a lot of options for growing mediums, just like grow lights. Every medium would have its own set of requirements, like how often you would need to water, but in the end, each option is even capable of generating high yielding marijuana plants.
Soil is the most popular medium used by many growers. You must use well-fertilized natural soil that’s rich with nutrients designed from growing marijuana. If you don’t begin with a soil that has been used for marijuana growing, you will need to make sure that the solid put perlite, so that it would drain well.
You can also start soilless and purchase vermiculite, coco coir, or any other soilless blends. While these might be more expensive than soil, they have some benefits, like decreasing the likelihood of having to face soil-borne disease and pests. But the disadvantage is that they don’t obtain nutrients for your plants, so you would need to measure out the correct nutrients in the perfect proportion and at the right time.
Another alternative on how to grow marijuana indoors is hydroponic growing. This procedure grows marijuana plants directly in the water. You could generate very high yield with this strategy, but there’s a costly learning curve, and it’s a bit expensive for both money and time-wise for just a single marijuana plant.
Step #4: Select Your Nutrients
It is quite easy to grow a marijuana plant, but nutrients could flourish the outcome. With cannabis, you want to use a particular nutrient that could help your plant survive and improve its outcome. Those nutrients must be measured for the specific medium that you have decided to utilize. Some nutrients would only work in hydroponic systems, while others developed for soil.
You will also need to consider the pH of your water. If the pH is right, the nutrients can’t be sucked up also. The pH must be correct for the medium that you use. Nutrients and pH level is a bit complicated, and an endless hassle once you only want to grow a single marijuana plant.
Step #5: Pick Your Strain
How to Grow Marijuana? You must decide what you would like to grow. For instance, you want a marijuana plant that gives a strong physical effect, or will you relax mentally high? Do you want to have a shorter growing stage or you don’t mind taking longer to mature? Do you want smaller marijuana plants or those that grow really tall?
As for selecting the actual plant, you can either begin with seeds, or small beginners’ plants. You can buy a beginner’s plants from a dispensary or breeder close to you. If you know a cultivator who has the type of plants you want to see if you could get clones from the person.
Step #6: Germinate Your Seeds
How to grow marijuana from seed? This procedure only applies if you’re growing from seed. There are a lot of ways to germinate a marijuana seed. You need a moisturizer medium, put the seeds, and water as needed. When your marijuana seeds sprouts, you could put the whole medium inside your pot for easy transplanting.
Step #7: The Vegetative Stage
When your plant seedlings produce a pair of leaves, then they have officially entered the vegetative phase. This is the stage when marijuana plants have a singular use of growing stronger and bigger in preparation for the coming flowering period.
Cannabis plants require a lot of light during the vegetative stage. You will have to give them around 18 hours of light all throughout this phase. Also, make sure that the climate in your grow area or wherever you are growing your plant, is a little bit warmer than room temp. Which means it would be between 68°F and 86°F.
The long hours of high and light temperatures indicate that your marijuana plant would require a lot of water, so always check the moisture level and adjust accurately. You don’t want your marijuana plants to be too thirsty, right?
How well your marijuana plant during this period would directly affect their yield. Smaller marijuana plants would yield smaller and fewer buds. The bigger plants, although they are strong and could support thick, more plentiful buds.
Step #8: The Flowering Stage
How to grow marijuana indoors? Once your flowers begin to form, you have entered the flowering phase. Those little flowers would actually generate buds that you could actually use. This important stage in the life of your marijuana plant lasts up until you harvest the mature buds. Your plant would get bushy and large. You might want to “train” them by trimming and bending the leaves so that there’s a flat canopy on top. This enables light to reach all parts of the plant for maximum yield.
If you didn’t buy feminized seeds, or you’re sure of the sex of your marijuana plant, you would need to confirm that it is female. How could you know? Just look at the joint of the branches and look if you see wispy white string blending from the buds. If there’s a wisp, that marijuana plant is female, then what is a pollen sac, and the marijuana plant is male. Male marijuana plants don’t generate potent cannabis.
Based on what you’re growing, you might need to shift the light schedule. You would need to raise the amount of darkness that your marijuana plant receives 12 hours regularly. Which means, 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness every day. This is totally important for regular marijuana seeds. Autoflowering cannabis does not base on the shifting in the length of daylight hours to begin flowering. So this step is not required with those seeds.
You would need to adjust the temperature, for all types of cannabis. The flowering stage needs cooler temperatures, so maintain it around 64°F to 78°F. You would want to give them a little added water to spread those nutrients out of your marijuana plant’s system if you use any nutrients. This would help with aroma, flavor, and potency once it’s time to enjoy your marijuana.
The most essential thing to remember about this stage is to monitor your marijuana plants. Marijuana plants in the flowering stage are sensitive to the condition base on which they’re growing. Search for a sigh of a problem, like brown leaf tips. This can signify a problem with lighting, nutrients, or water.
Step #9: Harvest Your Marijuana
You would know that the buds have matured from the color of its pistils. You must see stingy white hairs growing out of the marijuana buds. The wisps would change the color slowly up until they would become gold at the edge of maturity.
Harvest the marijuana buds when around 40% of the pistils became darker in shade. Wait until 50% to 70% of those hairs have darkened if you want your buds with a high THC level. And if you want your buds that would make you relax, you must wait until more than 80% of the hairs are dark prior to harvesting. At this moment, an important part of the THC in the buds would have coated to CBN.
Apart from following the guide above on how to grow marijuana plants, you must also choose the best cannabis strain to grow. Some marijuana seeds are quite easy to grow, others don’t. Autoflowering cannabis strains are great for newbies growers. This article would help you make sure of your success in your growing journey.