Do you plan to grow your own cannabis plants? If that is the case, then you should know the most important indoor cannabis growing supplies and terms. Here are the basic terms you should know as a novice grower:
Basic Indoor Cannabis Growing Supplies and Term
- LED or Light Emitting Diode – it is a more efficient and affordable lighting solution for your indoor cannabis growing supplies. LED lights use less energy and produce less energy, which makes it suitable for growing cannabis indoors.
- CFL or Compact Fluorescent Light – for indoor cannabis growing it is also an energy-saving light. CLF produces less heat but only good when plants are on the seedling stage due to its weak strength.
- HPS or High-Pressure Sodium – the gold standard in marijuana lighting and is ideal to use for indoor marijuana growing supplies is when your plants are already on their flowering phase. HPS comes with a beautiful color spectrum. It can penetrate the cover of your plants though it uses more electricity and produces more heat.
- MH or Metal Halide – this lighting solution also uses more electricity and produces more heat. It can generate blue light, so use it when your plants enter the vegetative stage.
- pH or potential of hydrogen – when indoor marijuana growing, it is the measurement of either the alkalinity or acidity of soil or water. Having the ideal pH level in your growing medium is necessary because pH has a huge impact on your plant’s capacity to absorb nutrients.
- PPM or Parts Per Million – it is the measurement of the mass in the liquid, which is the same with TDS. It is a way to detect the concentration of a substance in soil or water. PPM is ideal for measuring small concentrations of the particles in a solution. A ppm is equal to one milligram of a substance per one liter of water.
- TDS or Total Dissolved Solids – in indoor weed growing supplies, it is also a way to measure and detect how many solids exist in a water solution. PPM and TDS are somewhat the same. Dissolved solids can be leaves, sand, plankton, and salt. Or, they can be materials like calcium, nitrogen, or sulfate.
- DWC or Deep Water Culture – for indoor weed growing supplies it is a kind of hydroponics system in which the roots of your plans constantly sit within an extremely oxygenated liquid and nutrient solution.
- Ebb and Flow – according to Maximum Yield, it is a reliable and simple hydroponic system in which timed irrigation is important in supplying nutrients to the roots of your indoor cannabis growing. It works by saturating the growing medium and allowing the fluid nutrients to trench entirely between applications. Flowing and draining also relinquishes and refill stale air all over the roots for improved aeration.
- Aeroponics – it is the procedure of cultivating plants in a moist or airy setting without the aggregate medium or soil.
- Aquaponics – it is the combined aquaculture (raising marine animals like fish and snails) and hydroponics (growing cannabis plants in water) within a symbiotic setting. The waste generated by the marine animals provides nutrients for your plants. In return, your cannabis plants cleanse the water for your animals.
- Hydroponics – it’s the method of cultivating plants with no soil. Instead, the plants thrive in the blend of water and liquid nutrients. It is growing weed indoor supplies.
- Nutrients or nutes – your indoor growing supplies for weed needs nitrogen, phosphorus, and other nutrients to grow. Aside from phosphorus and nitrogen, cannabis plants need potassium. These minerals are the primary nutrients your plants should receive on regular basis. For growing cannabis plants, you must give more nitrogen especially during the vegging to early flowering phase. When the mid-flowering phase kicks in, reduce the amount of nitrogen and increase the amount of phosphorus and fertilizers. The NPK-to-fertilizer do not cover the micronutrients.
- Micronutrients – these are trace elements that exist in most soils, but you need to add them manually if you are using hydroponics. They work together with the macronutrients in sustaining your plants. Though dozens of minerals are present in the soil, you can still use a hydroponic nutrient blend. Manufacturers include micronutrients to their product lists using branded recipes. Chlorine, boron, copper, manganese, iron, zinc, and molybdenum are examples of micronutrients.
- Propagation Materials – these are cuttings or seeds used in creating a garden.
- Grow box – it’s a walled chamber intended for raising the plants in tiny spaces. It comes with built-in lights, a ventilation system, and a watering system to form a perfect environment for growing cannabis indoors.
- Growing Tent – it is a big enclosed chamber made of fabric. For indoor cannabis growing, a growing tent is also a good setting for growing weed indoors. It is like a grow box though it is bigger and made with different materials. A growing tent is easy to assemble and disassemble.
- Extraction Fan – this one is important for keeping the temperature down and supplying fresh and clean air for your plants. An extraction fan is no longer necessary if you grow weed in a sealed room.
- Circulating Fan – a circulating fan simulates the gentle breeze of nature. The more circulating fans you install in your grow room, the better. Choose a circulating fan with changeable speed settings.
- Beds or pots – you will also need containers in indoor marijuana growing. You can use fabric pots, plastic pots, totes, buckets, or planter beds. Just be sure you have containers to cultivate your plants in. if you are growing your plants in soil, use big containers that can fit in the grow space.
- Carbon Filter – as your plants go through the flowering period, they will start producing a strong odor which may be disgusting for your neighbors. Carbon filters are answers to the strong odor of your plants.
Other Growing Terms to Remember
Growing cannabis plants can be a little complicated, but the process should not be like this when you know the common terms used in growing cannabis. Here are more terms you’re most likely to come across:
- Abiotic Stress – it is a very important term used in cultivating cannabis. Abiotic stress pertains to the nonliving factors which may affect your crops and their health. Things like excessive heat, drought, frost, and so on can be overwhelming for the plants. Outdoor and indoor spaces do come with abiotic stress factors respectively. You can limit them if you want.
- Cola – a cola is among the most crucial parts of a marijuana plant. It pertains to the bunch of buds which grows together beside the top of your plant. The main cola is your apical bud. It grows long in a vertical direction. It is also the part used for smoking.
- DWC – Deep water culture is the term used for growing marijuana that includes allowing the roots to sit within the oxygenated water and nutrient solution. Deep water culture is simple and quick to set up. Thus, it is among the greatest hydroponic growing methods recommended for novice growers.
- Force Flowering – it is the method used for goading the cannabis plants into their flowering phase before the usual time they will. Force flowering is better to use when you grow cannabis plants in colder temperatures. It can help in preventing the plants from entering the flowering stage in the concluding part that can lead them to freeze or drying off.
- Flowering – it is a basic term used for growing marijuana plants. Flowering is the period in which your plants begin producing buds. It is the most enjoyable part of the growing cycle. You will see your marijuana plants forming fragrant and colorful flowers which will make your mouth water with a fast sniff. The flowering period for cannabis takes 7 to 9 weeks. Autoflowering strains take less time to flower. Other strains take longer to produce buds. These strains take 10 to 12 weeks to produce fragrant buds.
- Lumens – it is the unit for gauging light output. In growing cannabis, lumens are the amount of light produced by a source. Lumens are very important in cultivating marijuana plants. Fewer or too much lighting will have a negative effect on your plants.
- SCROG – it is the acronym for Screen of Green. SCROG is the growing technique that involves training cannabis plants to thrive over a mesh green. This growing technique uses much of the growing space while maximizing the exposure of your plants to light. SCROG is ideal to use when growing plants in smaller indoor areas though it works better when used for sativa plants that grow outdoors. This growing method lets you cultivate several colas instead of just one bud straight underneath your light. Thus, SCROG increases your plant’s crop.
There can be more growing terms to learn about cannabis cultivation, but the ones in this list are the frequently used terms cited in many sources online. Learning them is very important for the sake of your success in indoor cannabis growing.
As a novice grower, you should realize the importance of educating yourself before taking any step. This involves understanding how cannabis plants grow and their needs and discovering these indoor cannabis growing supplies and terms. Once you have enough knowledge, get ready for the next step – buying your supplies and making a garden.