Topping cannabis is a core and basic method in the plant’s preparation. It helps you to train the plants to grow horizontal and make the most effective use of light.epithelial supremacy and also why marijuana plants must be topped.
What is topping cannabis?
What is topping a marijuana plant? Topping marijuana plants is the method of pruning the top of the main stem of a marijuana plant. This is probably the most popular high-stress training technique (HST) used by both outdoor and indoor growers. Cannabis growing usually appears to take on the form of a Christmas tree; one dominant, main central cola, and several sets of side branches. On the other side, indoor marijuana plants are illuminated by a stationary growing lamp placed above. Topping marijuana allows naturally formed marijuana plants to grow indoors if you grow in large quantities using the Sea of Green process. Topping is the preferred method for professional growers to improve their yields. It is often preferred by home growers who want to maximize their growing space with a couple of plants, instead of loading as many as possible.
The elimination of the terminal bud would facilitate the production of two new primary colas and stimulate the development of the secondary level branches. The goal is to modify the structure of the Christmas tree structure to allow further light penetration. The growth hormone is transferred to all shoots until the predominance of the apical bud is reduced. Branchy, low-profile cannabis plants are more suitable for any grower.
Why top your cannabis plant?
Why topping my marijuana plants? Marijuana plants usually grow tall and thin, just like a Christmas tree. Without coaching, they have limited horizontal growth and focus entirely much of their resources in a single stem with one primary cola. They show a phenomenon known as apical superiority, which is the major factor determining the spatial growth characteristics of plants. Various types of apical dominance lead different plants to produce horizontal and vertical growth patterns. Plant programming is an evolutionary response to their normal growing environments.
Landrace variants which are the source of modern marijuana genetics are usually tall, fast-growing annuals that compete with many other canopy plants. As a result, they grow in a shape that is efficient for the environment. But in that environment, we’re not growing them. There are many other types of plants that grow flat and wide since they are adapted to environments where light is limited. These plants serve as a good model for anyone to think of when we try to make the most efficient use of overhead light.
Auxins and Apical Dominance in Cannabis
Marijuana naturally grows like a Christmas tree since its apical predominance is set for high, shallow growth. It’s really possible to obtain some level of lateral growth superiority with nothing other than low-stress training, but the only most efficient way to destroy the apical dominance of marijuana is to trim off the apex by cutting off the plant. The end or top shoot, which would be the main growth point in plants, includes hormones that control the function of apical dominance. Auxins were a hormone that seems to have a particularly important role to play. The apical growth tip generates auxins and is transferred through the phloem, often downward, in which it inhibits the development of the lateral growth tips below the plant. The auxins help stop the development-tips just below the apex from being elongated but do not travel long distances through the cannabis plant. As a result, as the plant grows taller, the lowest branches become free from the inhibiting effects of the auxins and start to develop. This gives the classic “Christmas tree” structure.
The topping technique
Topping a marijuana plant enables us to control plant growth patterns by cutting the excess apical development tips where auxins are generated. This is called “breaking apical superiority” and enables lateral branches to grow. Many plant training and development practices, like mainlining and manifolding, depend on topping as a component method.
When to top weed plants?
When to top weed plants? And how many nodes before topping? It’s strongly recommended that you wait until your cannabis seeds have 6 nodes prior to actually topping them. This ensures that the appropriate root and stem development is achieved before the topping shock. Because of the natural environment of the auxins and what’s most effective for light, it is suggested topping the plant just above the 4th, 5th, or 6th nodes.
Topping greater than that of the 6th nodes can lead to dysfunctional dominance and a structure that gives priority to vertical development. Mainlines and Manifolds are sometimes topped to the 3rd node, but if you ever don’t follow these training methods, topping below the 4th node would then leave few enough branches to grow.
Marijuana topping guide
Topping cannabis is among the most usually used training methods and one which is talked about all of the time by many cannabis growers. While Topping is a simple and efficient way to boost yields, there are many other training techniques which are also helpful:
- Fimming – absurd to topping marijuana, Fimming could also quickly multiply your heads from 1-4 and increase bud development.
- Low-Stress Training – a method that depends on Topping coupled with stressful plants, LST increases the number of flower locations and the intensity of light that approaches your plants.
- Lollipopping – by trimming the lower branches and leaves, you start creating a pleasing structure while focusing the energy of each plant through its upper, flower-bearing area.
- Super Cropping – boost side growth and bud development by slowly and carefully stressing also every plant.
- Monster Cropping – a new idea that works best with Sea of Green and Screen of Green setting, Monster Cropping would also make different heads to every plant.
How does topping work?
Cannabis plants place almost all of their energy in the primary cola, also known as the apex bud or terminal bud. They do so because the primary cola grows larger, is closer to light, and provides the best possibility of the plant becoming pollinated and reproducing. To make sure that the plant tends to put all its energy into every main terminal bud, it depends on a procedure called apical dominance. The highest bud in the cannabis plant sends development repressing hormones (mainly auxin) down to lower bud sites, with the apical dominance. This helps to keep the axillary buds smaller so most of the energy the plant brings into flowering goes directly into the primary cola. Once you take away the growing tip of the cannabis plant, two new tips arise from each side of the node below where you cut it. Well, you cannot do topping marijuana plants during vegetative.