Want to find out why are marijuana seeds illegal in some states? There is a divided opinion among those who believe marijuana is an effective medicinal plant and the federal government that claims marijuana has no proven medicinal benefits to people.
The United States is not only divided in their opinion but also the law over marijuana legalization. Let’s find out more details why marijuana despite being a useful medicinal herb is still illegal in some parts of the United States.
What is Medical Marijuana?
Medicine Net defines medical marijuana as “a plant-based medicine from the Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica species with three major active compounds: THC, CBD, and CBN”. There are at least more than 100 different cannabinoids compound in cannabis plants. Each of these chemicals gives different effects on the human body. Out of all the cannabinoids that a cannabis plant contains, there are two main chemicals used in medicine. These are the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
What are cannabinoids?
According to Market Watch, based on research conducted in 2017 by the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, marijuana plants help treat a lot of medical conditions. Their research shows evidence that cannabinoids found in cannabis plants can help relieve pain as well as multiple sclerosis-related muscle spasms and chemotherapy-related nausea.
The chemical cannabinoid as mentioned above is the chemical related to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These chemicals are responsible for marijuana psychoactive effects. Based on a scientific finding, our body can also produce its cannabinoid chemical which can help in regulating pleasure, senses, thinking, memory, as well as appetite and pain, etc.
THC in Medicinal Marijuana
One of the main psychoactive ingredients of cannabis plants is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is believed that THC affects the human body’s temperature, pulse rate, anxiety as well as sedation analgesia, perception of time, memory and spatial awareness. In adult-use marijuana, the THC is the chemical that also creates people to experience the “high” feeling.
THC and its Medical Uses
Increase appetite for AIDS and cancer patients
Lessen symptoms of some muscle control problems
CBD in Medical Marijuana
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid chemical found in marijuana. The CBD chemical found in cannabis plants does not create the feeling of euphoria either intoxicate people. CBD gives different effects on the human body from THC. To have any major impact on the sites in the body that interact with cannabinoids, CBD content must be around 100 times more.
CBD and its Medical Uses
- Reduces symptoms of seizures in young children
- Prevents and ease symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), and
- Parkinson’s disease
- Reduces pain for conditions such as cancer, multiple sclerosis and, rheumatoid arthritis
- Used as anti-psychotic for schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, and post-traumatic stress disorder
- Reduces anxiety
- Used as a treatment option for morphine and heroin addiction
Marijuana: Is it Good or Bad for Us?
Medical marijuana refers to any part of a cannabis plant used to ease some medical symptoms and not to get high. We cannot deny the benefits and harms that cannabis plants bring to human health. The medical marijuana industry needs further scientific review and evaluation to prove the medical benefits of cannabis plants. However, researches face an obstacle to accomplishing more studies about cannabinoids and marijuana because it is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not approve marijuana plant as medicine because so far there is no large-scale clinical trial conducted to show the medicinal benefits of this plant. There is still no consistent research supporting the beneficial effects of marijuana. For instance, according to Vox Media, there is a review conducted from National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine claiming that their research on cannabis plants shows minor evidence supporting the ability of marijuana to ease health conditions aside from chronic pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and patient-reported multiple sclerosis spasticity symptoms.
Federal vs. State Marijuana Laws
Regardless of some states where medical marijuana is legal under federal law cannabis is still illegal. The US federal laws do not honor the difference between medical and recreational use of marijuana. The marijuana federal laws are applied against individuals who possess, grow and distribute large quantities of cannabis. The US federal government classifies marijuana as a Schedule I drug, which means that cannabis is considered highly addictive and have no medical value.
Some States, on the other, hand have recognized cannabis’ medical value and have either passed laws through their legislatures or adopted them by the initiative. Below are some of the rules and regulations included after passing legalization of medical marijuana use in some states.
Safeguard people from criminal penalties for using marijuana as a medicine.
Obtain cannabis through home cultivation as well as dispensaries and other systems that are likely to be implemented.
Permits a variety of cannabis strains or products, including those with more than low THC.
Permits either smoking or vaporization of some kind of cannabis products, plant material or extract.
Medical marijuana legalization is not a limited trial program.
We encourage people to check directly their state marijuana laws since there are different existing laws on cannabis per state in the United States.
There is a growing population that supports the use of medical marijuana. However, the advocates of marijuana legalization still have a long way to go into getting the federal government’s support for medical marijuana use. After more than two decades, more than half of all the states in the US now support medical and marijuana use. This shows that the rules and regulations of the federal government toward cannabis is as effective as it may seem to be.